Education Training And Library

Teachers and professionals in the education sector do truly important work. They are fundamental to the development and care of children and adolescents, and they guide and encourage students of all ages. But even though all teachers share a common purpose, the work and training needed can change greatly along with the category of students they instruct. The age of the students alone requires different educational and psychological knowledge--kindergarten teachers do very different work from college professors. Teachers must understand the developmental factors that affect how students learn and how they behave.

Teachers generally focus on a subject or age group to instruct and must be well-versed in what they will teach. The state and federal governments typically issue curriculum requirements, but teachers often have freedom to create their own lesson plans and projects to implement in their classrooms

Responsibilities may include:

  • Researching topics for future projects
  • Creating lesson plans
  • Reviewing and correcting student work
  • Supervising and ensuring proper student behavior
  • Instructing students and answering questions
  • Meeting with parents to discuss student performance and behavior
  • Organizing and preserving important and historical documents and information

There are opportunities outside of the classroom, too. College and university professors often develop and oversee their own research and write academic papers. Another important sector of this occupational category centers on the development, preservation, and organization of knowledge and information materials. (In other words, librarians, archivists, curators, and relevant workers.) This category also includes careers that aid teachers, such as teaching assistants and instructional coordinators.


Before a teacher can teach, first she must be taught! Teachers need a thorough understanding of the subjects they teach, but the depth depends upon the age and type of student. For educators of K-12 students, a bachelor's degree is the minimum requirement. The major is typically education or the subject they intend to teach, but the requirements may vary by state, and private school teachers do not have the same restrictions. College and university professors typically need a master's degree, and often a doctorate, in the subject they teach. Career and technical teachers do not necessarily have the same education requirement but have experience working in the industry in which they teach.

Student teaching and practical training is a crucial aspect of the preparation for a teaching career. Teaching students often work as a student teacher or teaching assistant in a classroom. Licenses and/or certifications are required for education professionals working in public schools. Teachers typically have to pass a certification exam after completing coursework and supervised classroom experience. For many of the teaching sectors, the exact regulations differ depending up on the state.

Teaching and library assistants do not need as much education: a high school diploma or an associate's degree is usually expected. Professionals who have recently completed their training and certification programs may find work as teaching assistants if there are no full teaching positions available. Librarians, meanwhile, generally obtain a master's degree in library science, possibly from an accredited school. Archivists and similar professionals usually have a graduate degree but at minimum a bachelor's. Future professionals will face stiff competition for jobs, so additional education and experience is often useful.


  • Communication skills Educators and other professionals should be able to listen to students and to teach them. They need to explain concepts and convey information so that students understand and absorb the material.
  • Interpersonal skills.Educators interact with students, parents, coworkers, administration members, assistants and other personnel.
  • Organization. This is key-educators may have several students or several dozen, but teachers must keep track of students' work and assessments. Staying organized makes the progression through lesson plans easier and less stressful.
  • Patience. Teachers working children need a great deal of it! Not all students learn at the same pace, or immediately understand a lesson. A patient teacher will take the time to get everyone on the same page. They must also supervise behavior and limit their frustration when they are difficult or disruptive.
  • Resourcefulness. Not all students learn the same way. Teachers that can devise new lesson plans and approaches will better reach their students. They need to find ways to make the information interesting and engaging to students who are struggling or uninterested.


The exact growth rates for teaching positions depend upon the category of teacher and the geography of the opportunities. Overall employment is projected to be on par with the national average. Preschool and postsecondary teachers will have a faster growth rate, as with increased attention paid to early child development and college educations. Many older teachers are expected to retire in the next several years, as well.

Teaching and educational assistant positions will grow at about the average projected rate for all occupations, but the quantity of actual job openings varies greatly by state. Librarians, archivists, and related professionals will likely face stiff competition for jobs, despite any projected growth.

  Occupation Description Entry-Level Education 2012 Median Pay
Adult Literacy and High School Equivalency Diploma Teachers Adult Literacy and High School Equivalency Diploma Teachers

Adult literacy and high school equivalency diploma teachers instruct adults in basic skills, such as reading, writing, and speaking English. They also help students earn their high school diploma.'

Bachelor's degree $48,590
Archivists, curators, and museum workers Archivists, curators, and museum workers

Archivists appraise, edit, and maintain permanent records and historically valuable documents. Curators oversee collections of artwork and historic items, and may conduct public service activities for an institution. Museum technicians and conservators prepare and restore objects and documents in museum collections and exhibits.'

Bachelor's or master's degrees $44,410
Career/technical education teachers Career/technical education teachers

Career and technical education teachers instruct students in various technical and vocational subjects, such as auto repair, healthcare, and culinary arts. They teach academic and technical content to provide students with the skills and knowledge necessary to enter an occupation.'

Bachelor's degree $51,910
High school teachers High school teachers

High school teachers help prepare students for life after graduation. They teach academic lessons and various skills that students will need to attend college and to enter the job market.'

Bachelor's degree $0
Instructional coordinators Instructional coordinators

Instructional coordinators oversee school curriculums and teaching standards. They develop instructional material, coordinate its implementation with teachers and principals, and assess its effectiveness.'

Master's degree $60,050
Kindergarten and elementary school teachers Kindergarten and elementary school teachers

Kindergarten and elementary school teachers prepare younger students for future schooling by teaching them basic subjects such as math and reading.'

Bachelor's degree $0
Librarians Librarians

Librarians help people find information and conduct research for personal and professional use. Their job duties may change based on the type of library they work in, such as public, school, and medical libraries.'

Master's degree $55,370
Library technicians and assistants Library technicians and assistants

Library technicians and assistants help librarians with all aspects of running a library. They assist patrons, organize library materials and information, and perform clerical and administrative tasks.'

Postsecondary certificate or an associate's degree $26,800
Middle school teachers Middle school teachers

Middle school teachers educate students, typically in sixth through eighth grades. Middle school teachers help students build on the fundamentals they learned in elementary school and prepare them for the more difficult curriculum they will face in high school.'

Bachelor's degree $0
Postsecondary teachers Postsecondary teachers

Postsecondary teachers instruct students in a wide variety of academic and vocational subjects beyond the high school level. They also conduct research and publish scholarly papers and books.'

Varies with the subject taught and the type of educational institution $0
Preschool teachers Preschool teachers Preschool teachers educate and care for children, usually ages 3 to 5, who have not yet entered kindergarten. They teach reading, writing, science, and other subjects in a way that young children can understand.' Associate's degree $27,130
Special education teachers Special education teachers

Special education teachers work with students who have a wide range of learning, mental, emotional, and physical disabilities. They adapt general education lessons and teach various subjects, such as reading, writing, and math, to students with mild and moderate disabilities. They also teach basic skills, such as literacy and communication techniques, to students with severe disabilities.'

Bachelor's degree $0
Teacher assistants Teacher assistants

Teacher assistants work under a teacher’s supervision to give students additional attention and instruction.'

Some college, no degree $0

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