Computer network architects
What Computer Network Architects Do
Computer network architects design and build data communication networks, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), and intranets. These networks range from a small connection between two offices to a multinational series of globally distributed communications systems. Network architects must have extensive knowledge of an organization’s business plan to design a network that can help the organization achieve its goals.
Computer network architects typically do the following:
- Create a plan and layout for a data communication network
- Present the plan to management and explain why it is in the organization’s best interest to pursue it
- Consider information security when designing a network
- Decide what hardware, such as routers or adaptors, and software, such as network drivers, are needed to support the network
- Determine how cables will be laid out in the building and where other hardware will go
- Research new technology to determine what would best support their organization in the future
Computer network architects, or network engineers, also create models to predict future network needs. They look at current data traffic and estimate how growth will affect the network. They keep up to date on new hardware and software technology and test how it can improve network performance. Network architects also have to keep security in mind. When network vulnerabilities arise, they implement security patches or other countermeasures.
Architects often work with their organization’s chief technology officer (CTO) to predict where the organization will most need new networks. They spend most of their time planning these new networks. Some network architects work in the field, supervising engineers and workers who build the networks a network architect has designed. Network architects are often experienced staff and have 5 to 10 years of experience working in network administration or with other information technology (IT) systems.
How to Become a Computer Network Architect
Most computer network architects have a bachelor’s degree in a computer-related field. They usually need experience in a related occupation also.
Computer network architects usually need at least a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information systems, engineering, or a related field. Employers of network architects sometimes prefer applicants to have a Master’s of Business Administration (MBA) in information systems. MBA programs generally require 2 years of study beyond the undergraduate level and include both business and computer-related courses.
Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Network architects generally need to have previous experience in a related occupation. They usually have at least 5 to 10 years of experience working with information technology (IT) systems. They often have experience as a network administrator but also may come from other computer-related occupations such as database administrator or computer systems analyst.
Some network architects advance to become computer and information systems managers.
Analytical skills. Computer network architects have to examine data networks and decide how to best connect the networks based on the needs and resources of the organization.
Detail oriented. Computer network architects create comprehensive plans of the networks they are creating with precise information describing how the network parts will work together.
Interpersonal skills. These workers must be able to work with different types of employees to accomplish their goals.
Leadership skills. Many computer network architects direct teams of engineers who build the networks they have designed.
Organizational skills. Computer network architects who work for large firms must coordinate many different types of communication networks and make sure they work well together.
Computer Network Architects
Percent change in employment, projected 2012-22
- Computer occupations
- Computer network architects
- Total, all occupations
Employment of computer network architects is projected to grow 15 percent from 2012 to 2022, faster than the average for all occupations.
Demand for computer network architects will increase as firms continue to expand their use of wireless and mobile networks. Designing and building these new networks, as well as upgrading existing ones will create opportunities for computer network architects. The expansion of healthcare information technology will also contribute to employment growth.
Adoption of cloud computing, which allows users to access storage, software, and other computer services over the Internet, is likely to cause a decrease in the demand for computer network architects. Organizations will no longer have to design and build networks in-house; instead, firms that provide cloud services will do this. However, because architects at cloud providers can work on more than one organization’s network, these providers will not have to employ as many architects as individual organizations do for the same amount of work.
Prospects for computer network architects should be favorable, as many companies report difficulty finding network architects because of the considerable amount of education and work experience required for these highly skilled positions.
|Occupational Title||SOC Code||Employment, 2012||Projected Employment, 2022||Change, 2012-22||Employment by Industry|
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program
Computer network architects
|Occupation||Description||Entry-Level Education||2012 Median Pay|
|Computer and information research scientists||
Computer and information research scientists invent and design new approaches to computing technology and find innovative uses for existing technology. They study and solve complex problems in computing for business, medicine, science, and other fields.'
|Doctoral or professional degree||$102,190|
|Computer and information systems managers||
Computer and information systems managers, often called information technology (IT) managers or IT project managers, plan, coordinate, and direct computer-related activities in an organization. They help determine the information technology goals of an organization and are responsible for implementing computer systems to meet those goals.'
|Computer hardware engineers||
Officially, they need bachelor's degrees, at minimum. Some choose to pursue master's degrees in order to advance their careers. High school students can prepare themselves for college with classes in math, science, and computer skills/science. However, the education and training for computer hardware engineers never really ends they must keep pace with new developments in computer technology in order to be productive and successful.
Computer programmers write code to create software programs. They turn the program designs created by software developers and engineers into instructions that a computer can follow.'
|Computer support specialists||
Computer support specialists provide help and advice to people and organizations using computer software or equipment. Some, called computer network support specialists, support information technology (IT) employees within their organization. Others, called computer user support specialists, assist non-IT users who are having computer problems.'
|Education requirements vary||$48,900|
|Computer systems analysts||Computer systems analysts study an organization’s current computer systems and procedures and design information systems solutions to help the organization operate more efficiently and effectively. They bring business and information technology (IT) together by understanding the needs and limitations of both.'||Bachelor's degree||$79,680|
Database administrators (DBAs) use specialized software to store and organize data, such as financial information and customer shipping records. They make sure that data are available to users and are secure from unauthorized access.'
|Information security analysts||
Information security analysts plan and carry out security measures to protect an organizations computer networks and systems. Their responsibilities are continually expanding as the number of cyberattacks increase.'
|Network and computer systems administrators||
Computer networks are critical parts of almost every organization. Network and computer systems administrators are responsible for the day-to-day operation of these networks.'
Software developers are the creative minds behind computer programs. Some develop the applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or other device. Others develop the underlying systems that run the devices or control networks.'