Architecture And Engineering

For many artists, a degree is just the beginning. Anyone can be an “artist,” but getting employed as one takes some work. Professional artists and designers beautifully create and express ideas, with style and finesse. Whether contributing to the architectural blueprint of a new building or designing a new fashion line, professional artistry is respected and valued.

Getting hired, though, relies on a combination of education, work experience, mastery of technique, and overall artistic skill. Some job categories, like floral designing or crafts, do not necessarily require formal training or a degree. In those cases, classes or on-the-job training may be of more use than a classroom. In these instances, certification may be possible, which then testifies to the artist’s high level of skill and abilities to future employers and customers. Interior designers, on the other hand, have to pass a state exam in some states, in addition to a bachelor’s degree and relevant work experience.

And some professions require a bachelor’s degree because the job will draw on a variety of skills of an advanced nature. Computer animation, for example, requires not only a complete understanding of the technology used for the work, but comprehensive art and design training, also.

Duties vary widely depending on the industry, but they may include:

  • Constructing detailed plans, blueprints, and models of a structure or product
  • Testing products and procedures to evaluate efficiency and efficacy
  • Monitoring and overseeing construction and production teams
  • Identifying problems in the product or process and create workable solutions
  • Consulting with architects, engineers, technicians, and operators on other projects
  • Improving existing manufacturing processes or create new ones
  • Researching and developing new products and technology

CAREERS IN ARCHITECTURE AND ENGINEERING

Architects and engineers take a project from beginning to end and supervise (and problem-solve) all stages of development. They plan not only what the project will look like but how it will function, in the most efficient and productive fashion. A combination of education, practical experience, and certification can get you on the path of these careers. Neither operation, though, works as a one-man crew. A team of educated and experienced operators and technicians work alongside these professions to design, build, and maintain projects.

The first step is to earn a bachelor's degree with a heavy focus on advanced mathematics and sciences. Engineers use fundamental scientific principles as a foundation of their work. The subset of engineering a student chooses will indicate which subjects need particular attention. An agricultural engineer, for example, may especially benefit from courses in the agricultural and biological sciences, which would be less useful to a computer hardware engineer. Technicians and operators also need strong math and science skills, Vocational and technical schools, community colleges, and career diploma programs offer classes and training. The specific requirements depend upon the field and career type, of course, and employers of engineering technicians may require a degree from an accredited school. Getting certified as a technician takes additional work, and though not always needed, it can help you in a competitive job market.

IMPORTANT QUALITIES

  • Analytical skills Architects and engineers must be able to carefully evaluate all aspects of their projects to ensure all activity adheres to the designed process. Few plans, however, are perfect, so well-honed problem solving skills are highly valued as well.
  • Communication skills. Neither architects nor engineers fly solo. They supervise and work with many people at different stages of the project, all of whom must understand the design and its implementation. Communication skills are crucial here. A blueprint illustrates an idea; a professional must explain why it will work and how to develop it. This is not to say that the architect or engineer has all the answers. However, he or she is head or part of a team that must closely collaborate to be accurate and effective.
  • Detail oriented. Architects and engineers must pay attention to detail. Their duties require an understanding of complex systems, and a minor error can cause major problems.
  • Math skills. Math is the foundation of design when it comes to architecture and engineering. Professionals frequently use calculus and other math to determine how to design, build, and manage their projects.
  • Organizational skills. Because their projects are frequently complex, professionals must be highly organized to ensure the work is accurate and timely. It's no mean feat-architects and engineers manage and work with a wide array of specialties, including artistic design, construction, management, and (don’t forget!) clients.
  • Technical skills. Depending on the field, the technical skills required may vary. While the general training and education will be largely similar, engineers and architects benefit from specialized training and work experience. For example, a civil engineer working on a bridge renovation project will need training and skills than a chemical engineer manufacturing prescription medication. Proficiency with relevant technology and applications may also be beneficial.

JOB OUTLOOK

Architecture and engineering live on the forefront of technology; as technological advances develop in many fields, these professions will be needed to create, design, manufacture, and renovate projects of all kinds. Other opportunities may arise with an improvement in the economy, spawning new construction projects. Because of these factors it is difficult to make a definitive projection in this category, but these professions will always be moving forward.

  Occupation Description Entry-Level Education 2012 Median Pay
Aerospace engineering and operations technicians Aerospace engineering and operations technicians

While not required, most technicians earn associate's degrees in engineering technology or related subject. Future technicians need to take math and science classes in high school, in addition to classes teaching drafting and computer skills. Vocational-technical schools and community colleges often offer technician programs. They offer certificates and degrees but may have a different emphasis on the curriculum. Technical schools, for example, may focus more on practical training.

Associate's degree $61,530
Aerospace engineers Aerospace engineers

A bachelor's degree in an engineering field is mandatory for this occupation. The engineering field specifically should be related to aerospace. Education for this work begins in high school-students need solid coursework in math and science. Following this, students can earn an engineering degree from an accredited college or university. Some offer five-year degrees that combine a bachelor's and a master's degree in their field.

Bachelor's degree $103,720
Agricultural engineers Agricultural engineers

Prospective engineers should take classes in math and science while in high school. After earning a diploma, they must then earn a bachelor's degree in engineering, in a subspecialty related to agricultural engineering.

Bachelor's degree $74,000
Architects Architects

Professional architects need professional degrees-- a five-year Bachelor of Architecture degree is the most direct common choice for students without any prior experience or education in architecture. Degrees from recommended accredited schools involve courses in a wide array of disciplines beyond just math and science-artist skills in drawing, design, and drafting are widely useful in addition to training in computer technology and practical sciences. Schools also offer a master's degree in architecture which, although not required to earn a professional license, can provide further training and skill development

Bachelor's degree $73,090
Biomedical engineers Biomedical engineers

In high school, future engineers should take classes in math, science, drafting, and computer technology where possible. However, a bachelor's degree in biomedical engineering is usually needed to start work in this field. Accredited educational institutions offer programs for education and training in biomedical engineering specifically.

Bachelor's degree $86,960
Cartographers and photogrammetrists Cartographers and photogrammetrists

Academic preparation for these occupations can begin in high school, with classes focused on math, drafting, and computer skills. A bachelor's degree in cartography, geography, engineering, or similar discipline usually follows. The professions require skill with computers, as well as in engineering and mathematics. Additional education for job proficiency, like for computer and web-based applications, may be learned on their own or in a non-academic setting.

Bachelor's degree $57,440
Chemical engineers Chemical engineers

Aspiring chemical engineers only need a bachelor's of science degree, or B.S., with a major of chemical engineering, to get hired for entry-level positions after graduating. Master's and doctoral degrees are offered by some universities, but lab and real-world experience are also highly valued.

Bachelor's degree $94,350
Civil engineering technicians Civil engineering technicians

A bachelor's degree in an engineering field is mandatory for this occupation. The engineering field specifically should be related to aerospace. Education for this work begins in high school-students need solid coursework in math and science. Following this, students can earn an engineering degree from an accredited college or university. Some offer five-year degrees that combine a bachelor's and a master's degree in their field.

Associate's degree $47,560
Civil engineers Civil engineers

Future engineers can start preparing for their career in high school, but a bachelor's degree in civil engineering (or a subset of it, like structural engineering) is mandatory for entry-level work in this career. Classes in math, science, computer science, and mechanics are a part of the curriculum. Generally, a graduate degree is necessary for jobs with greater responsibilities.

Bachelor's degree $79,340
Computer hardware engineers Computer hardware engineers

Officially, they need bachelor's degrees, at minimum. Some choose to pursue master's degrees in order to advance their careers. High school students can prepare themselves for college with classes in math, science, and computer skills/science. However, the education and training for computer hardware engineers never really ends they must keep pace with new developments in computer technology in order to be productive and successful.

Bachelor's degree $100,920
Drafters Drafters

Before entering a technical drafting degree or program, high school students can prepare for this profession by taking certain classes. Math, science, computer skills, and drafting are all useful preparation. Drafters usually earn associate's degrees in drafting from a technical or community college, which can require general education courses, too. Drafting is not typically offered as a subject for a bachelor's degree, but further classes in related subjects like engineering and architecture can help drafters expand and refine their skills.

Associate's degree $49,630
Electrical and electronics engineering technicians Electrical and electronics engineering technicians

An associate's degree is usually required for both electrical and electronic engineering technicians. This typically includes classes in math, science, computer programming, and electronics. High school students can begin preparing for this career by taking classes in math, science, and computer skills.

Associate's degree $57,850
Electrical and electronics engineers Electrical and electronics engineers

Future engineers need a bachelor's degree in engineering (typically from an accredited educational institution) in order to find entry-level work. High school student should take classes in math, science, and drafting; computer science and skills can also be useful. Engineers can also earn a master's degree, either after completing their bachelor's or in a combined degree program.

Bachelor's degree $89,630
Electro mechanical technicians Electro mechanical technicians

After earning a high school diploma, a future technician can attend a community college or technical school to earn an associate's degree or a certificate for a technician in electro-mechanical technology. This usually involves classes in math and science, but an associate's degree may require more general education classes along with the career training.

Associate's degree $51,820
Environmental engineering technicians Environmental engineering technicians

Technicians should start preparing for this career in high school by taking classes in math and science. After earning a high school diploma, a student can enroll in college or technical school to receive training in their chosen field. An associate's degree is usually preferred by employers.

Associate's degree $45,350
Environmental engineers Environmental engineers

A bachelor's degree in engineering, either in environmental engineering or a related field, is mandatory. In high school, students can prepare by taking classes in math and science. Future engineers who want to work in the research or education sides of the field typically need a master's degree, too. Some schools offer a five-year combined program for students to earn a bachelor's and master's degree together.

Bachelor's degree $80,890
Health and safety engineers Health and safety engineers

While a bachelor's degree is necessary, high school students can prepare for their future training and education by taking many classes in math and science. Students can choose between bachelor's degrees or combined bachelor's and master's degree engineering programs. Health and safety engineering involves specific class work on occupational hygiene, environmental safety, and similar courses.

Bachelor's degree $76,830
Industrial engineering technicians Industrial engineering technicians

Technicians usually need an associate's degree or a professional certificate to find work, but they can begin their training in high school by taking classes in math, science, computer skills and science, and drafting (when possible). Following a high school diploma, they can enroll in a community college for a degree or a technical school for a certificate.

Associate's degree $50,980
Industrial engineers Industrial engineers

High school students can start preparing for their career by taking classes in math, science, and computer science. Industrial engineers must have an engineering degree, typically from an accredited university program. The bachelor's degree program will usually combine class time with field work to give the student practical experience. Students can also pursue a master's degree in their field.

Bachelor's degree $78,860
Landscape architects Landscape architects

Landscape architects must have a bachelor's degree in the field, at minimum-typically from an accredited program. Many architects go further and earn a master's degree, as well, and some graduate programs are available for professionals who have a bachelor's degree in a different discipline.

Bachelor's degree $64,180
Marine engineers and naval architects Marine engineers and naval architects

Future engineers and architects can start preparing for their careers in high school, by taking classes in math and science. However, a bachelor's degree is necessary for these occupations. For naval architecture, a professional typically needs a degree in it specifically. Marine engineers can major in marine engineering or a very similar subset of engineering. Coursework for these occupations involves math, science, and computer science.

Bachelor's degree $88,100
Materials engineers Materials engineers

High school students can prepare for their engineering training by taking classes in math and science. Entry level work as a materials engineer requires a bachelor's degree in the field. Students also have the option of earning graduate degrees that continue their training in the classroom and the real world.

Bachelor's degree $85,150
Mechanical engineering technicians Mechanical engineering technicians

Mechanical engineering technicians can start their training in high school by taking classes in math and science. After earning their diploma, they can move on to a community college or a technical school to earn an associate's degree in the field. Students are encouraged to earn their degree from an accredited program.;

Associate's degree $51,980
Mechanical engineers Mechanical engineers

Mechanical engineers typically need a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering or mechanical engineering technology in order to qualify for entire-level work in their field. Some schools offer combined bachelor's and master's degree programs and others offer extended programs that combine traditional education with practical work experience.

Bachelor's degree $80,580
Mining and geological engineers Mining and geological engineers

High school students can prepare for this career by taking classes in math and science. Once they have earned a high school diploma, they must obtain a bachelor's degree in mining engineering in order to work. Students can also get master's degrees in this field.

Bachelor's degree $84,320
Nuclear engineers Nuclear engineers

High school students should focus on math and science classes in order to prepare for their later training. Nuclear engineers need a bachelor's degree in engineering, typically from an accredited program. Students may also have the option of enrolling in a combined bachelor's and master's degree program in their field, or in extended programs that emphasize practical training along with academic education.

Bachelor's degree $104,270
Petroleum engineers Petroleum engineers

High school students interested in engineering should take classes in math and science. Petroleum engineers must have a bachelor's degree in engineering in order to qualify for entry-level work. Some schools offer combined programs for students to earn bachelor's and master's degrees together.

Bachelor's degree $130,280
Surveying and mapping technicians Surveying and mapping technicians

People interested in careers as surveying and mapping technicians can begin their training in high school by taking classes in math, science, drafting, and computer science. Both professions usually require a minimum of a high school diploma to qualify for entry-level work. Surveying technicians may only need the diploma to find work, but many technicians pursue education and training after high school. Mapping technicians typically find training in mapping technology and processes in programs after high school, too. They can pursue associate's and bachelor's degrees in useful discipline to boost their training.

High school diploma or equivalent $39,670
Surveyors Surveyors

A bachelor's degree in surveying or a related field is usually necessary to gain employment in this occupation. However, in some states it is possible to work under a licensed surveyor with an associate's degree.

Bachelor's degree $56,230
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